Toxic Substances Control Act
January 1, 1996 | Healthcare Risk, Quality, & Safety Guidance
The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) is found in Chapter 15 of the United States Code, §§2601 to 2692, although for purposes of this article TSCA will be referred to by its common numbering scheme, §§2 to 412.
TSCA was enacted in 1976 and was directed primarily at the chemical manufacturing industry in an attempt to control the introduction of new chemicals into the market. At that time, the only substance that it specifically regulated by name was polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), because of widespread national concern about PCB contamination. PCBs had just been found to cause cancer in laboratory animals, as well as liver disorders and central nervous system damage, and were suspected of causing cancer in humans.
TSCA has been amended several times since 1976 in ways that do not directly affect hospitals: in 1986, to regulate asbestos hazards in schools; in 1988, to try to abate indoor radon through the establishment of studies and technical and financial assistance programs; in 1990, to regulate asbestos hazards in...