Evaluation Background: IV Compounding Robots

February 9, 2024 | Evaluations & Guidance


Here's background for our Evaluations of IV compounding robots, outlining the key considerations for making wise purchasing decisions. Learn how the technology is used, what factors we test for, and more​.

IV compounding robots are a type of pharmacy compounding device (PCD) intended for use in the hospital pharmacy and compounding pharmacies to produce patient-specific compounded sterile preparations (CSPs) based on a provider order; non-patient-specific batch preparations (either scheduled or manually initiated); and stock solutions. This is accomplished via a combination of syringes, pumps, scales, and robotic arms to conduct preparations. The final pharmaceutical solution can be packaged in syringes, IV bags, cassettes, or elastomeric pumps. These systems can be used for chemotherapy (hazardous) or non-chemotherapy (nonhazardous) clinical applications. Typical users include pharmacists and pharmacy technicians.

Major components of a typical IV compounding robot include:

  1. Automated compounding system—Hardware that mixes and prepares the CSP. Includes a series of pumps, syringes, and robot arms that manipulate, measure, and dispense the appropriate amounts of medications and fluids.

  2. User interface/display—Enables robot configuration and management of the CSP production process.

  3. Bar-code/machine-readable code scanner for...

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