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J. ​​Sanford (Sandy) Schwartz, MD, is the Leon Hess professor of medicine and health management and economics at the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine and the Wharton School. He is also senior fellow at the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics (LDI) and senior scholar at the Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics. He was LDI's executive director from 1989 to 1998.

Schwartz is a clinically oriented health services researcher focusing on assessment of medical interventions and practices, medical decision making, and the adoption and diffusion of medical innovation.

Schwartz has served as advisor and consultant to a wide range of public and private sector groups, including federal and international agencies, non-profit groups, pharmaceutical, insurance and managed care organizations, and several state health departments and regulatory agencies.

He was founding director of the American College of Physicians’ Clinical Efficacy Assessment Project; president of the American Federation for Clinical Research and the Society for Medical Decision Making, founding editor of the American Journal of Managed Care, associate editor of the Journal of General Internal Medicine, and member of the editorial board of Medical Decision Making.​